New Norms and Policies in Cyber-Diplomacy

Presented at Black Hat USA 2018, Aug. 9, 2018, 9:45 a.m. (50 minutes)

<p>After the last round of the UN sponsored consultations on international cybersecurity collapsed in 2016, the international situation in cyber diplomacy has been in flux: will there be other UN rounds of discussion? Will private sector-organized initiatives claim a role? And what norms and rules of behavior in cyberspace for state and (and non-state actors) will be agreed? The Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace has been working on these issues, and at Black Hat some of its members will discuss the new norms (e.g. safeguarding the critical infrastructure of the Internet, protecting electoral systems from attack, etc.) as well as provide insight into some of the current thinking of the Commission, as well as government, international organizations, and major corporations working on the subject worldwide.</p>

Presenters:

  • James Andrew Lewis - Commissioner, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace
    <p>James Andrew Lewis is a senior vice president and program director at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where he writes on technology, security, and innovation. Before joining CSIS, he worked at the Departments of State and Commerce as a Foreign Service officer and as a member of the Senior Executive Service. His government experience includes work on a range of politico-military and Asian security issues, as a negotiator on conventional arms transfers and advanced military technology, and in developing policies for satellites, encryption, and the Internet. Lewis led the U.S. delegation to the Wassenaar Arrangement Experts Group on advanced civil and military technologies and was the rapporteur for the 2010, 2013, and 2015 UN Group of Government Experts on Information Security. He was also assigned to U.S. Southern Command for Operation Just Cause, to U.S. Central Command for Operation Desert Shield, and to the U.S. Central American Task Force. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.</p> <p>Lewis is an internationally recognized expert on cybersecurity. His writings include &ldquo;Cybersecurity for the 44th Presidency,&rdquo; which was noted by President Barack Obama in his first speech on cybersecurity. Lewis is the U.S. lead for a long-running Track II Dialogue on cybersecurity with the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, and he has also authored numerous publications on the relationship between technology, innovation, and national power. Another series of reports examined the role of space in national security. His current research examines international security and governance in cyberspace, the relationship between innovation and technology, the future of warfare, and the effect of the Internet on politics. He has served as a member of the Commerce Department&rsquo;s Spectrum Management Advisory Committee and the State Department&rsquo;s Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy, and as a member and chair of the Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing. Lewis is frequently quoted in the press and has testified numerous times before Congress.</p>
  • Jane Holl Lute - Commissioner, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace
    <p>Ms. Jane Holl Lute serves in the United Nations as the Special Coordinator to improve the Organisation&rsquo;s response to sexual exploitation and abuse and concurrently as the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the relocation of Camp Hurriya residents outside of Iraq. Prior to re-joining the United Nations, Ms. Lute served as the Chief Executive Officer at the Center for Internet Security, an independent, not-for-profit organization established to strengthen the cybersecurity posture of public and private sector enterprises.</p> <p>From 2009 &ndash; 2013, Ms. Lute served as the Deputy Secretary for the United States Department of Homeland Security.</p> <p>From 2003-2009, Ms. Lute held various positions in United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding. Most notably, she served as the Acting Under Secretary-General and established and led the Department of Field Support, responsible for comprehensive on-the-ground support to United Nations peace operations worldwide. She also led the Office of Peacebuilding, responsible for coordinating efforts on behalf of the Secretary-General to build sustainable peace in countries emerging from violent conflict.</p> <p>Prior to joining the United Nations, Ms. Lute served as the executive vice-president and chief operating officer of the United Nations Foundation and the Better World Fund and as executive director of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, a global initiative that pioneered the international movement for conflict prevention.</p> <p>Ms. Lute served on the National Security Council staff under both President George H.W. Bush and President William Jefferson Clinton and had a distinguished career in the United States Army.&nbsp;She has a Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University and a J.D. from Georgetown University.</p>
  • Christopher Painter - Commissioner, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace
    <p>Chris Painter is a globally recognized leader and expert on cybersecurity and cyber policy, Cyber Diplomacy and combatting cybercrime.&nbsp; He has been on the vanguard of U.S. and international cyber issues for over twenty five years&mdash;first as a prosecutor of some of the most high-profile cybercrime cases in the country and then as a senior official at the Department of Justice, FBI, the National Security Council and finally the State Department.&nbsp; He has initiated, helped drive, or advised on virtually every major U.S. cyber policy for over a decade and has created innovative new organizations and approaches to deal with threats and take advantage of opportunities in cyberspace.</p> <p>In his most recent role as the nation&rsquo;s top cyber diplomat, Mr. Painter coordinated and led the United States&rsquo; diplomatic efforts to advance an open, interoperable, secure and reliable Internet and information infrastructure and advised the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of State on these emerging issues. &nbsp;The pioneering office that Mr. Painter established &mdash; the Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues &mdash; was the first high-level position and office dedicated to advancing the diplomatic aspects of cyber issues ranging from national security to human rights matters. These issues include promoting norms of responsible state behavior and cyber stability, preventing cyber conflict, enhancing deterrence, advancing cybersecurity, fighting cybercrime, promoting multi-stakeholder Internet governance and advancing Internet freedom.</p> <p>Among many other things, Mr. Painter was instrumental in negotiating a landmark agreement regarding the theft of intellectual property with China, negotiating a comprehensive cyber cooperation agreement with India, using diplomatic and other tools to combat high-profile cyber attacks and intrusions, and launching first of their kind &ldquo;whole of government&rdquo; cyber dialogues and capacity building programs with dozens of countries in Europe, Asia, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa.&nbsp; He and his team also spearheaded the promotion of an international framework of cyber stability that includes building a consensus around norms of acceptable behavior and getting agreement on transparency and confidence-building measures designed to reduce the risk of miscalculation that could inadvertently lead to conflict in cyberspace.</p> <p>Prior to joining the State Department, Mr. Painter served in the White House as Senior Director for Cyber Policy and Acting Cyber Coordinator in the National Security Council. He was a senior member of the team that conducted the President&rsquo;s Cyberspace Policy Review in 2009 and he subsequently helped create and then structure a new directorate in the National Security Council devoted to these issues.</p> <p>Mr. Painter has been a frequent media spokesperson and presenter on cyber issues around the globe.&nbsp; He was named the Bartels World Affairs Fellow by Cornell University for 2017-2018 and chosen as a member of the Board of the Center for Internet Security.&nbsp; He is the recipient of the prestigious RSA Award for Excellence in the Field of Public Policy (2016), the Attorney General&rsquo;s Award for Exceptional Service, the Intelligence Community Legal Award (2008) and has been named to the &ldquo;Federal 100&rdquo; list, among other honors.&nbsp; He is a graduate of Stanford Law School and Cornell University and clerked for US Circuit Judge Betty Fletcher.</p>
  • Jeff Moss / The Dark Tangent - Commissioner, Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace   as Jeff Moss
    A career spent at the intersection of hacking, professional cybersecurity and Internet governance gives Jeff Moss a unique perspective on information security. Mr. Moss is the founder and CEO of the DEF CON hacker conference and the founder of Black Hat Briefings, two of the world's most influential information security events. Mr. Moss also served as the CSO/VP of ICANN (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers). His corporate experience includes work with Ernst &amp; Young. LLC and a directorship at Secure Computing. Mr. Moss serves on the Board of Directors for Compagnie Financi&egrave;re Richemont SA and is an angel investor to startups in the security space. Mr. Moss actively seeks out opportunities to help shape the infosec conversation. He is currently a member of the US Homeland Security Advisory Council and the Global Council on the Stability of Cyberspace. He is a Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council, a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a member of the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Cyber Security.

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