independent for advocate privacy and free software , surveillance tech/law/policy. Warned EU about PRISM (in all but name) two years before Snowden. Caspar Bowden is an independent advocate for information privacy rights, and public understanding of privacy research in computer science. He is a specialist in EU Data Protection, European and US surveillance law, PET research, identity management, and information ethics. He is author of 2013 EU Parliament inquiry briefing on the US FISA law, and co-authored the 2012 Note on privacy and Cloud computing (which anticipated the infringements to EU data sovereignty disclosed by Edward Snowden). For nine years he was Chief Privacy Adviser for Microsoft for forty countries, and previously co-founded and was first director of the Foundation for Information Policy Research (www.fipr.org). He was an expert adviser for UK Parliamentary legislation, and co-organized six public conferences on encryption, data retention, and interception policy. He has previous careers in financial engineering and risk management, and software engineering (systems, 3D games, applied cryptography), including work with Goldman Sachs, Microsoft Consulting Services, Acorn, Research Machines, and IBM. He founded the Award for Outstanding Research in Privacy Enhancing Technologies, is a fellow of the British Computer Society, and a member of the advisory bodies of several civil society associations.